Feasts and Holy Days Joyously Portraying Yeshua (Jesus)
A chronological prelude to the book Celebrating Yeshua
established, in love, a series of appointments to portray annually to us basic
aspects of His salvation.
are eternal and for all of mankind, according to Scripture.
They include seven
annual Holy Days relating to three joyful Feasts.
THREE FEASTS of YAHWEH
[Shalosh Hag Yahweh]
"Three times a year you shall keep a feast to me" (Exodus 23:14). Such a Feast
is referred to as a "Feast of Yahweh" (Hag Yahweh - Leviticus 23:39).
“Yahweh” is God’s Holy Name (Genesis 3:15), used about 7,000 times in the Bible.
It means Eternal Gracious One. “LORD” is substituted in most English Bibles.
SEVEN HOLY DAYS /
Yahweh [Moadim Yahweh (Lev 23:37)]
seven annual appointments with God associated with the three Feasts (Leviticus
23:7, 8, 21, 24-25, 27-32, 35, 36). They are observed like Sabbaths (which are
also moadim). Each appointment with God requires a sacred assembly (mikra
kodesh) – a public worship service. The entire day is dedicated to the
worship of Yahweh, and therefore mundane work is to be set aside. (Moadim
is the plural of moed – appointment.)
Nisan is the first month of the Festival Year (Exodus 12:2).
Days begin at sunset – nights precede days (Genesis 1:5).
Mark’s Gospel delineates the following days and hours.
Weekday 6 (In year of crucifixion)
John 12:1-11, Matthew 26:6-16
Yeshua came to Bethany, to be within a Sabbath Day’s journey of Jerusalem.
for each family to choose a lamb to offer as their Passover (Exodus 12:3-5). The
lambs were watched for four days to ensure that they were without blemish.
This was Palm Sabbath! (Friday sunset to Saturday sunset)
Mark 11:1-11, John 12: 12-16, Matthew 21:1-9, Luke 10 28-40
Yeshua presented as Messiah King, riding a new (never-ridden) donkey from
Bethany to Jerusalem with crowds cheering and spreading Palm fronds. Only an
unworked donkey could be ridden on a Sabbath.
Mark 11:12-19, Matthew 21:12-13
Yeshua presented as Messiah Priest, cleansing the Temple. Priests were required
to cleanse the Temple, and only priests were so permitted.
Mark 11:20-14:2, Matthew 21:18-22:46
Yeshua presented as Messiah Prophet, giving authoritative answers to religious
leaders. It was the duty of prophets to explain God’s Word.
Mark 14:1-16, Matthew 26:1-19, Luke 22:8-13
Yeshua’s disciples began making arrangements for their seder.
noon and sunset, the Passover (lamb) must be offered - slain and roasted.
“Slaughter it between the two evenings” (Exodus 12:6 – literal Hebrew, meaning
between noon and sunset). "You shall prepare it (the Passover) at its appointed
time" (Numbers 9:2).
Translations of this verse are often misleading, using terms such as "Keep the
Passover" or "Observe the Passover,"
misunderstood as eating a feast. In Torah usage, the Passover is a lamb, not a
day or a feast; later, the term was also used for the day that the Passover was
eaten (Nisan 15).
John 19:14, 31, 42. The term is sometimes used for the entire seven-day Feast.
Weekday 4 (Tuesday sunset to Wednesday sunset)
Mark 14:17-40, Matthew 26:20-46, Luke 22:14-46, 1 Corinthians
Yeshua led an instructional seder meal with His disciples.
No lambs could be offered yet; disciples did not see this as the Holy Day (John
[About midnight] – Trumpeting for 2nd changing of the Temple guard,
not a rooster.
Mark 14:41-52, Matthew 26:47-56, Luke 22:47-53, John 18:2-12
Mark 14:53-15:19, Matthew 26:57-27:26, Luke 22:54-23::24, John 18:12-19:15
Yeshua tried by High Priest, Pilate, Herod, Council, Pilate.
Mark 15:20-32, Matthew 27:27-44, Luke 23:25-43, John 19:16-29
Lamb of God is crucified. “Messiah, our Passover, is sacrificed” – 1 Corinthians
6th Hour [Noon]
Mark 15:33, Matthew 27:45, Luke 23:44-45
Passovers to be prepared/killed.
Yeshua on a cross; Sun darkened for 3 hours (no other Passovers prepared?).
9th Hour [3
PM] Mark 15:34-41, Matthew 27:45-51, Luke 23:46-52, John 16:30-37
Passovers to be roasted.
Yeshua yielded up His Spirit.
[Before sunset] Mark 15:42-47, Matthew 27:57-61, Luke 23:53-55, John 16:38-42
Yeshua buried before High Sabbath (before Wednesday sunset).
Feast of Unleavened
Breads [Hag haMatzot (Exodus
This is a
seven-day long Feast that must include lamb (in Temple times, on the first
night), unleavened breads (matzot), and bitter herbs (Exodus 12:8). There
is so much food set aside for this Feast, that a family should invite the poor
to share in it. It lasts from the beginning of Nisan 15 until the end of Nisan
21 (Leviticus 23:6).
Moed 1 The First
Day (of Unleavened Breads) [Yom haReshit (Leviticus
Passover (the lamb) is fully prepared, at sunset, the Feast of Unleavened Breads
begins on this new day; the lamb must be eaten by midnight, but the Feast
continues for seven days.
“Breads” is plural, because five kinds of bread are in view: barley, rye, oats,
spelt, and wheat.
This is "the feast of our freedom" – the celebration of a slave-girl future
bride being redeemed from Egypt, which represents a land of sin. At this Feast,
we take four cups, anciently called "the Blood of the Covenant," representing
the four parts of the Covenant: sanctification, deliverance, redemption, and
glorification. We also break matzah (unleavened bread, which is pierced
and striped), representing Yeshua's body – without sin (leaven), being pierced,
“Yahweh’s Feast” is commonly translated as "The Lord's Supper" in 1 Corinthians
11:20, and sometimes thence interpreted as a simple sacrament.
Day: As soon as it was dark, the beginning of the new day, some Priests would go
to a field on Mt. Zion and reap an ephah (about a bushel) of the best new
barley. In the morning, it would be processed into an omer (about two
quarts) of fine flour, mixed with olive oil, and waved with a lamb before
Yahweh, then burned upon the Altar. This is the first of fifty days of Counting
This is not called "Feast of Firstfruits." It is an act during the Feast of
After the slave-girl celebrates the Holy Day of her redemption, she starts
counting down the days until her betrothal to Messiah.
The third day after the Passover was slain (the third day of the seven-day Feast
of Unleavened Breads) is the day Yeshua came out of the tomb – in defeat of
Satan's armies. This fulfilled Jonah's prophecy of three days and three nights
in the heart of the earth, and fulfilled of Yeshua’s own words of God raising
His Lamb from a pit on the Sabbath Day.
We celebrate Yeshua’s resurrection 52 times a year – on the eternal Holy
When two women came to the tomb before sunrise, angels rolled away the stone to
show that He was already gone (Matthew 28:1).
Yeshua was travelling to Galilee (after fulfilling Torah requirements).
Moed 2 Day of
Faith - Seventh Day (of Unleavened Breads) [Yom haShbi'i (Leviticus
the day that Israel was brought through the Sea on dry ground, then saw the
Egyptian army drowned in it. It is the day that they believed Yahweh and His
servant Moses (Exodus 14:31).
that Noah's flood waters were dried from the earth (Genesis 8:14).
The water of life ascended from the earth. This being forty days after His
resurrection (Acts 1:3), Yeshua ascended into the heavens, after saying, "I go
to prepare a place for you" (John 14:2-3). After redeeming the slave-girl, He
must go to His Father's house to prepare a dwellingplace for their future
married life. John later foretells of this prepared city that will come down
from the heavens adorning the bride for her husband (Revelation 21:2).
the forty-second day of Counting the Omer: eight days until Pentecost.
Yeshua told the Apostles to “tarry for the promise from the Father . . . the
Holy Spirit” (Acts 1:4-5).
2nd Feast of
Weeks of Firstfruits [Hag Shavuot Bikkuri (Exodus
Feast ot the Harvest of
Firstfruits [Hag haQatzir Bikkuri (Exodus
This is a
one-day Feast that is also a moed called “Day of the Firstfruits.”
Moed 3 Day of the
Firstfruits (Yom haBikkurim -
fiftieth day of Counting the Omer (Pentecost means fiftieth day). On this day a
peace offering is made by the prospective bride: two lambs are waved on this
day, with two large loaves of leavened bread, each made from an omer of
fine wheat flour. See Exodus 34:22, Leviticus 23:15-17, Numbers 28:26.
Pentecost is about Messiah giving a betrothal contract to His beloved future
Over thirty-three-hundred years ago, on Pentecost, the Torah was given with two
stone tablets as a betrothal contract in the tongue of angels (Hebrew) and the
tongues of men (languages of the 70 nations. In a similar manner, almost
two-thousand years ago, on Pentecost, the Gospel was given in the tongue of
angels and the tongues of men, displaying an "earnest contract" with the bride
(Acts 2:1-11, Ephesians 1:14).
At this feast, we take the bride's Betrothal Cup, saying, "All that the Lord our
God says, we will obey, and we will learn" (Deuteronomy 5:27). We will literally
and perfectly and whole-heartedly fulfill this when we are glorified and
dwelling with Messiah.
of Elul – the thirty days preceding Yom Teruah, are known as the Days of
Repentance, repentance being followed by immersion in a mikvah – a
baptism of repentance.
At this season, John the Baptizer was preaching "the baptism of repentance for
the remission of sins" – Luke 3:3.
the seventh month of the Festival Year.
Moed 4 Day of
Trumpeting [Yom Teruah (Leviticus
is also known as Rosh haShannah (Head of the Year for Sabbatical and
Jubilee years). This is the day that "no man knows the day or the hour". It is
observed as a forty-nine hour Sabbath during which we are to stay awake and
watch! On this day the shofar (ram’s horn trumpet) is blown several
times. Each trump of the shofar has a specific meaning indicated by a
preceding shout (e.g. teruah, tekiah, shevarim). The command for this day
is to “Hear the Shofar.” The Last Trump of the shofar is preceded
by the shout of "Tekiah Gedolah," which translates “the Return of the
The Day of Trumpeting is about Messiah returning for His bride. This celebration
is an annual rehearsal for that day when the archangel will shout "Tekiah
Gedolah" , and the Last Trump will be heard (I Thessalonians 4:16). Then the
righteous dead will be raised immortal (I Corinthians 15:52-54), and Yeshua will
return for His coronation as King of the Whole Earth.
days from the Day of Trumpeting to the Day of the Atonements are called Yamim
Noraim, translated the Days of Awe.
We shall kneel in awe before the presence of Messiah Yeshua.
Moed 5 Day of the
Atonements [(Yom haKippurim (Leviticus
the only Biblically mandated fast day. On this day two goats are the main
symbols, representing the two atonements. See Leviticus 16:7-34, 23:27-32.
is plural, because of two kinds of atonements represented by two goats.
The Day of the Atonements is about Messiah presenting to Himself a spotless
bride (Ephesians 5:21). Two goats represent Messiah. Two kinds of atonement are
required (Leviticus 16:8-22).
The first goat is the goat for Yahweh, a purification offering (parts are burned
on an altar and the aroma ascends to heaven). It represents Yeshua's
righteousness being imputed to us, ascending to God as our aroma of
righteousness (Romans 4:24). The second goat is the goat for Azazel, commonly
called the scapegoat. The sins of the people are symbolically placed upon it,
and it is led into the wilderness. It represents Yeshua taking our sins upon
Himself, and taking them away from us.
3rd Feast of
Tabernacles [Hag Sukkot (Leviticus
Feast of the Ingathering
[Hag haAsik (Exodus
15-21 is the seven-day Feast of Tabernacles or Booths. See Leviticus 23:39-43,
Numbers 29:12-34, Deuteronomy 16:13-17. It is observed by dwelling in a
sukkah, a temporary structure made of tree-branches, for the seven days, and
feasting with a focus on tree fruits and nuts. During the seven days, seventy
bullocks are offered - 13,12,11,10,9,8,7 – representing the downfall of the
seventy original nations of Genesis 10.
The Feast of Tabernacles is Messiah's seven-day wedding feast. It is called the
Time of our Joy.
By this feast, all of the crops of fruit have been brought in. This culminating
agricultural feast represents the culmination of the marriage. The earth has
been reaped, and all of the fruit (God's people) has been brought in. The
Covenant is fulfilled, and Emmanuel (God with us) is pictured as dwelling in His
tabernacle (this earth) with His spotless bride.
times, at this Feast, three 80 foot tall menorahs, with four large oil lamps on
top of each, were placed in the women’s court. It was said that they were so
bright that not a yard in Jerusalem was left dark.
As Yeshua stood on the Temple grounds, He said, “I
am the light of the world; he who believes in Me will not walk in darkness, but
will have the light of life” (John 8:12). Not a place in the world left in the
Moed 6 The First
Day (of Tabernacles) [Yom haReshit (Leviticus
day of the Feast is a moed – observed as a Sabbath. The day is to be kept
holy – dedicated to our Savior, and we have an appointment with our God to meet
at His house of prayer.
Moed 7 The Eighth
Day Assembly [Yom HaShmini Atzeret (Leviticus
23:36, Numbers 29:35)]
the seven days of Sukkot. It is a Yom Tov, observed as a Sabbath.
A special offering on this day was one bullock.
The Eighth Day Assembly represents Messiah dwelling with us for eternity. All
seventy nations, represented by the seventy bullocks offered on Sukkot, have
become one – the Kingdom of Messiah, represented by the single bullock offered
At each of these Biblical events, there were many items and acts that portrayed
Yeshua, and our Father’s loving means of providing our salvation. They have not
lost any meaningfulness; may God grant that we not lose joyful recognition of